Tag Archives: BBC

Blair at Leveson: Blair never caved in to the newspapers; Brown did

28 May

Blair’s ghost: the medium on media

Peter Shaffer’s play Amadeus tells of the fall of a talented man driven mad by his own passions and desires for riches and glory. It is the story of Mozart’s rival and lesser musician called Salieri. In the final scene, we see a broken man who gives his last speech:

Now I go to become a ghost myself. I will stand in the shadows when you come to this earth in your turns. And when you feel the dreadful bite of your failures – and hear the taunting of unachievable, uncaring God – I will whisper my name to you: “Antonio Salieri: Patron Saint of Mediocrities!”

Today we saw a ghost who has been lurking in the shadows for some time, about whom only a few wizened and whispering old hacks care. It is Antonio Blairi, the Patron Saint of Mediacracy, come to prove that he had no interest in the media, media barons or media ownership.

The central charge against him: he was too fixated on what the newspapers thought. He denied this. When asked if the media ever distracted him from his job as PM, Blair said they never distracted him from “the main issues” of the day.

The misfortune is, “the main issues” were media-driven. To manage “the main issues” – be it a silly comment made by a minister, or the latest media panic – you need a media officer. Blair had a dozen: a Chief of Staff, a Communications Director, a Deputy Communications Director, a Director of Government Relations, a Strategy Adviser, among pointless others.

Alastair Campbell was Blair’s closest lackey. A cursory glance at his diaries show the trivia he dealt in. One can’t help think, reading the diaries 15 years later, why did this matter? Why did they care so much? On the one hand, listening to the media is good – in fact, healthy for democracy. The latest U-turns on planning reform and secret courts – in the face of media pressure – not only make for better legislation; they make democracy a more active thing than simply the process of voting every 5 years.

On the other hand, spending a large chunk of the day reading the newspapers, worrying about the angle, phoning Tony to discuss the narrative, phoning up hacks to berate them or toast them, checking on the 24-hour news channels – one can’t help but ask, what was the point? Here is a fascinating clip of the team, Tony and Alastair, in action (12:10). Watch the frozen look on their faces as they realise they are being filmed. It is like watching two schoolboys being caught up to no good.

We go too far, however, if we say Blair caved in to the newspapers. His aim was to manage the media, not to let them direct policy. We kid ourselves if we say Blair kept the Thatcher reforms on unions, on privatisation, on tax because of Rupert Murdoch. The truth is, Blair really was that rightwing. On vast areas of policy, from Europe to Iraq, he stayed the course despite a hostile press.

He did things Murdoch hated. He stopped BSkyB buying Manchester United and ITV. He introduced TV regulator Ofcom. He granted the BBC digital channels and a news website. He raised the BBC licence fee 14% above inflation, from £91.50 to £135.50.

The MMR uproar is a case in point. Despite a media frenzy after a report suggested an MMR vaccine caused autism, Tony Blair rose above it, saying:

On the contrary, the vaccine which [sic] is used throughout the world, helps prevent the spread of diseases that can, if contracted, cause very serious damage to children. [Parents can rely on] overwhelming research that has found the alleged link between autism and MMR to be unfounded.

It was Gordon Brown who caved in to newspapers. When he became PM, he set up a TV that screened rolling news all day in the office. Staff said he would shout at it when he was particularly incensed. Even on planes he would want to know the headlines. According to Andrew Ransley, he would badger aides: “What’s the story? What’s the story?” On a trip to the Vatican, an aide said: “Prime Minister meets Pope. Why doesn’t someone tell him that’s the fucking story?”

There is good evidence to suggest he let the media direct policy too. Blair had downgraded cannabis to a class C drug, something Brown had accepted as Chancellor. As PM Brown reclassified it as Class B, despite expert advice and a fall in cannabis use. Second, it is curious that despite Brown’s avowed love for the BBC, the license fee was frozen in real terms. Third, Gordon Brown wanted it to be legal to detain a British citizen without charge for 42 days on suspicion of terrorism. This was explicitly done to charm Murdoch. Brown’s most trusted aide Ed Balls told Anthony Seldon:

 Blair made it very clear to Gordon that he had to come across as tough; the News International people would worry if he was not. That is why he did 42 days.

This is one of the foundations of English liberty: the right not to be held on unknown grounds by the state. Gordon Brown acted like a reverse King John, coaxed by a baron to get rid of a freedom enshrined by Magna Carta. This was a clear contravention of his speech on liberty at the start of his tenure, in which he even hailed Magna Carta as the glorious start of British liberty. This is the man who would say anything to curry favour with the Tory press.

On reflection it is easier to cast Brown in the role of Shaffer’s Salieri. Jealous at a better man’s talents and popularity, he decides to make a pact with God. Salieri will do as God pleases if only He looks kindly on him. When it becomes clear Amadeus (“Beloved of God”) is the favoured one, and God has not kept his side of the bargain, Salieri declares war on God:

So be it! From this time we are enemies, You and I! I’ll not accept it from You – do you hear! They say God is not mocked. I tell you, Man is not mocked! I am not mocked! […] (Yelling) Dio ingiusto – You are the Enemy! I name thee now – Nemico Eterno! 

I can hear the mobile clatter across the room.

Advertisements

The New Elizabethans: 60 men who define our age

3 Mar

The BBC has set out to find the 60 men and women who define the reign of Queen Elizabeth II. Which icons should we remember? Who are the diamonds in ER’s crown? The sixty need not be famous but they must be remarkable. They might not hail from these isles but they must at least have lived in Britain for a number of years. They can have changed modern Britain for good or for ill.

I – I’m not sure why – have set myself the task of drawing up a list. It’s no easy job. I am struck by two things. First the task would be a hell of a lot easier if I could include heroes from the Forties. A lot of my heroes achieved greatness in those years: Churchill, Orwell, Coward, Keynes, Attlee, Bevan, Beveridge, Turing, Popper, to name but a few. I am quite content to say that between them these nine men are greater than every other New Elizabethan combined.

That is the second point: how much greater are men of other eras! How much easier it would have been to list 60 Victorians. In art, literature, engineering, science, exploration, they outshine all I have listed below. Who is our Shakespeare? Who is our Dickens? O if only I could have Orwell.

I have listed my choices below. It is subject to the prejudices of the writer, as all these lists are. Some I have not included either because I do not like them (Simon Cowell, David Beckham, Richard Branson) or because I think more remarkable men represent a similar idea. So Diana is there, but Jade Goody isn’t. So Nick Leeson is there, but Mr Goodwin isn’t.

These are our diamond geezers:

POLITICIANS.

Our Earl of Essex?

1. Mrs Thatcher
2. Roy Jenkins
3. Enoch Powell
4. Tony Blair

SCIENTISTS.
5. Rosalind Franklin
6. Stephen Hawking
7. Richard Dawkins

Our Bacon?

ENTERTAINERS.
8. Jimmy Savile
9. Kenneth Williams
10. John Cleese
11. Bernard Levin
12. Sir David Attenborough

Our Jonson?

THINKERS.
13. Isaiah Berlin
14. RD Laing
15. James Lovelock
16. Friedrich Hayek
17. Germaine Greer

WRITERS.

Our Spenser?

18. Betjeman
19. Larkin
20. Kingsley Amis
21. Anthony Burgess
22. le Carré
23. Ian Fleming
24. Pinter
25. Plath
26. JRR Tolkien
27. Roald Dahl

OTHERS.

Our Drake?

28. Nick Leeson
29. Myra Hindley
30. Lord Bingham
31. Princess Diana
32. Tim Berners-Lee
33. Shirley Bassey
34. Christine Keeler
35. Mary Whitehouse
36. George Best
37. Mo Farah
38. Lucian Freud

Our Marlowe?

MUSICIANS.
39. Lennon
40. Jagger
41. Bowie
42. Britten

OTHERS.
43. Mary Quant
44. Charles Saatchi
45. Richard Beeching
46. Alec Issigonis
47. Stelios Haji-Ioannou
48. Jack Cohen
49. Loyd Grossman

Our Dee?

50. Robin Day
51. Richard Ingrams
52. Leo Baxendale
53. Chad Varah
54. Andrew Wiles
55. Arthur Scargill
56. Ian Paisley
57. Alex Salmond
58. Nick Park

Our Queen of Scots?

Our Queen and foreign emperor.
59. Rupert Murdoch
60. Queen Elizabeth II